How to Create a New Game | Card Games

The easiest way to create a new game is to start with the central idea from an existing game, add some instructions, and build the game around standard game equipment – standard playing cards, standard dice, and a standard checkerboard and checkers. The result could be a variation of an existing game, or a totally new game.With playing cards, you can start with a trick-taking game like Hearts or Bridge. Or you can start with a continue-the-sequence game like Michigan or Fan Tan. Or you can start with a discard-all-your-cards game like Crazy Eights or Old Maid. Or you can start with a card-combination game like Poker or Gin Rummy.With dice, you can start with a dice-combination game like Yacht or Poker Dice. Or you can start with a dice-total game like Craps or Close the Box. Or you can start with a single-dice-matching game like Ship Captain Crew.With a checkerboard, and checkers you can start with a disk-capturing game like Checkers or Chess. Or you can start with a disk-movement game like Chinese Checkers. Or you can start with a disks-in-a-row game like Go-Moku or Tic Tac Toe. Or you can start with a race game like Parcheesi or Backgammon.To this central idea, add game instructions. For a trick-taking card game, will a player try to take a declared number of tricks, or to take or avoid specific cards? For a dice-combination game, how many dice are rolled, and how many can be rerolled? For a disk-movement game, can a checker move over another checker, or must it stop or turn? If the game will be similar to an existing game, you can start with instructions from that game. Then you just need to add, modify, and remove instructions.There are lots of games using playing cards and dice to borrow from. Creating a game with a checkerboard and checkers can require some extra thought. For a race game, you can use the outer squares of a checkerboard as a racetrack. You can use one or two dice to determine how far to move your checker on a turn. Or you can use the numbers on playing cards do the same thing. Seven cards from Ace through Seven will take a checker completely around a checkerboard.I have found that token-placement games on a checkerboard work well. (Tokens are small objects such as coins that are substituted for checkers when too many checkers would be needed.) For instance, you can place five tokens on the board to form a cross with a token on one square and the other four tokens on the squares on each of its four sides. Two players alternate placing crosses on empty areas of the board until one player places a final cross, and the other player cannot find space on the board to place another one.And look for connections between playing cards and dice and a checkerboard. The Two through Queen from a suit of playing cards can be mapped to the throw of two dice. The throw of two dice can be mapped to the six-by-six area at the center of a checkerboard. The four sides of a checkerboard can be mapped to the four suits of playing cards.A new game can be created by beginning with a central idea and adding some instruction using standard game equipment. It requires thought and effort, but it is easier than starting from scratch. I will follow this article with several more articles showing examples of creating new games.Copyright (c) 2009 – Paul Hoemke. All Rights Reserved.

Understanding Social Care Policy and Law for NVQ and SVQ Candidates and Assessors | laws and issues

When staff are just starting out on their NVQ and SVQ in Health and Social Care, or when new staff who have qualified from abroad start working in the UK they can be uncertain and confused by the different terms, such as policy, regulations, legislation, etc. NVQ and SVQ Assessors can also be uncertain of the differences.In many ways the starting point to understanding the differences is actually Government policy.The Government decides it wants certain things to happen in health or social care. Examples could include:** more older people to be cared for at home, rather than in residential care** more children, who are looked after by local authorities, to be cared for in foster care or adopted** more adults with learning disabilities or mental health problems to be assisted into employmentWhatever the intention the Government’s aim becomes a policy. Sometimes this policy is a Green Paper or a White Paper.The Government then has a choice as to how it pursues its policy. From the Government’s perspective it will rely on other organisations to actually apply the policy on a day to day basis. If the policy relates to health it is an NHS organisation. If the policy relates to social care it is likely to be local authorities that have to apply it or the local authority will have to make clear to organisations it contracts work to that various expectations need to be met.The Government can get local authorities or NHS organisations to apply the policy in one of several ways. These include:** by publishing the policy as ‘statutory guidance’. Local authorities have to follow statutory guidance issued by the Government. In England one example of this is the policy on protecting vulnerable adults titled “No Secrets”** by offering lots of money! The Government says it will give local authorities lots of new money to be spent on certain policy initiatives. One example of this is the Sure Start and Children’s Centres initiative. When it started the policy was driven by money** by introducing legislation that gives the local authority the power to do something or making it a duty to do something. A power means the local authority can do it if it wants to. A duty means the local authority must do it. An example of this is direct payments. The Government originally introduced direct payments as a power. But then the Government made it a duty so that local authorities must offer direct payments (since so few direct payments were offered when it was only a ‘power’)Acts of ParliamentThe Government may therefore decide to introduce legislation. This is the classic Act of Parliament.In recent years legislation has got increasingly detailed and specific. Even with this detail, legislation can be quite cumbersome. It is also quite an involved process to introduce it. Therefore the Act of Parliament usually gives the Secretary of State (in England) or the Scottish Minister the power to make regulations and/or a code of practice.Regulations (Also Known as Statutory Instruments)Regulations are also called Statutory Instruments. Regulations are laid before Parliament but are not debated. They are considered law although not quite as strong as the original Act.Regulations can be altered more quickly and are now extensively used (for example health and safety regulations).Statutory GuidanceIn addition the Secretary of State or Scottish Minister has the power to issue statutory guidance to local authorities. Local authorities are under a legal duty to follow this guidance. In other words the local authority social services or social work department must follow this ‘statutory guidance’.Code of PracticeThe Secretary of State (or Scottish Minister) could also issue a code of practice relating to an Act of Parliament. These codes do not have the full weight of law but they explain and clarify the law and offer guidance on good practice. They are often realistic and applied and can be very useful.Good Practice GuidanceThe Government department (either in England, Wales or Scotland) could also issue good practice guidance. This is not the same as statutory guidance. It is often meant to be read by social workers, first line managers (and others) since the guidance commonly gives case scenarios explaining how service users should benefit from any recent changes in the law.One complicating factor in understanding the present legal framework in social care and children’s services is that often one Act of Parliament does not fully replace a previous Act. Commonly an Act of Parliament amends or alters an existing Act. Keeping track of this can be very difficult.Therefore for social care staff (including staff working with children) who are NVQ or SVQ Assessors or are starting out on their Health and Social Care NVQ or SVQ some of the best resources are the law handbooks from Kirwin Maclean Associates.

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